The knee joints are subjected to many stresses in daily living. They provide crucial support to many functional activities. Due to their constant use with walking, running, standing, etc., normal wear and tear can cause pain. Injuries caused by excessive strain, twisting, or blunt force can occur. Any knee injury can cause a significant change in every day mobility. Listed are some common injuries/procedures involving the knee:
- Osteoarthritis/Degenerative Joint Disease. This is a common condition involving the knee where there is significant wear on the cushioning between the bones causing pain.
- Ligament sprain and/or strain. There are several elastic fibers called ligaments that help to stabilize the knee joint. They include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the medial collateral ligament (MCL), the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), and lateral collateral ligament (LCL). When excessive force is placed on the knee in any given direction, a sprain or tear can occur to that tissue causing pain and instability.
- Meniscus Tear. The cushioning in the joint becomes disrupted and can cause pain and a “catching” sensation. The knee may also “buckle” or “lock”.
- Patellar Dislocation/Subluxation. The patella, or knee cap, tracks poorly within its groove and can be pulled out of alignment due to poor ligament stability or muscle imbalances.
- Total Knee Replacement. The joint, bones, and connective tissue are replaced with a synthetic material to help rebuild joint structure and decrease pain.
Other surgical procedures include ligament reconstruction, meniscus repair, meniscus removal, lateral release, arthroscopy, and patellar tendon repairs. As you can see, there are many ways to hurt a knee. The therapist at Rochester Sports and Physical Therapy will analyze your movement and muscle imbalances and show you what you can do to get back to your life